Myrtle spurge is a noxious weed which can invade open space and residential landscapes and is dangerous to people, wildlife, and native plants. This low-growing perennial plant is 4 to 8 inches tall with fleshy blue-green triangle-shaped leaves and yellowish-green flower-like bracts in the spring. The leaves and stems have toxic milky latex which can cause severe skin irritation and is poisonous if ingested. Spreading rapidly from gardens to natural areas, myrtle spurge can out-compete native vegetation and reduce forage for wildlife. It is a List A noxious weed which is required for eradication by the Colorado Noxious Weed Act (C.R.S. 35-5.5-101-119). If you have myrtle spurge on your property, please remove it by hand-pulling, digging, or treatments with herbicides containing 2, 4-D or Roundup. Wear protective gloves, long-sleeved shirt, and glasses when handling the plant and carefully dig up as much of the root system as possible and dispose of in a garbage bag (tie up the bag so that seeds cannot escape). Do not compost and do not plant myrtle spurge. If you need help identifying myrtle spurge or have any questions, please contact the Open Space Division at 303-335-4742.
Noxious weeds are one of the most serious threats facing the City of Louisville Open Space. Noxious weeds out compete native vegetation for resources such as sunlight, water, growing space, and soil nutrients. They are able to do so because they have few natural predators or diseases, are not as palatable to wildlife and livestock as native vegetation, have deep and extensive root systems which more easily sequester water and nutrients, produce thousands of seeds per plant, and some weeds have allelopathic capabilities which inhibit the growth of surrounding native plants.
Myrtle Spurge Perennial Pepperweed
Once established noxious weeds cause severe ecological and agricultural impacts to our Open Space properties by decreasing biodiversity, diminishing habitat and forage for wildlife, increasing soil erosion, and decreasing crop yield. Additionally, management of weed control efforts requires a considerable amount of funding and time for planning and implementation.
- Herbicide Application Contacts
- Integrated Weed Management Plan
- Noxious Weed List
- Material Safety Data Sheets
- Pesticide Sensitive Registry Application
- Related Links
Aquatic Nuisance Species
Aquatic nuisance species (ANS) pose a serious threat to our waterways. They are invasive plants and animals that live outside of their native habitats. Due to a lack of natural controls, ANS spread and reproduce rapidly causing serious damage to our local ecology and commercial and recreational activities. Their financial impact can reach billions of dollars throughout the United States.
- Reduce native and game fish populations
- Clog boat engines
- Make lakes and rivers unusable to recreation
- Significantly impact the operations of drinking water plants and power plants by clogging pipes and other equipment
- Destroy aquatic ecosystems
- Reduce property values
Fortunately, the City of Louisville does not currently have any ANS in our waterways but many are nearby in locations where you may recreate. It is important that we prevent their introduction into Louisville. Please review the following educational materials to learn how you can help.
- Zebra and Quagga Mussels
- New Zealand Mud Snail
- Eurasian Watermilfoil
- Hydrilla and other aquatic plants
- Colorado Department of Natural Resources: Aquatic Nuisance Species
- City of Boulder: Aquatic Nuisance Species
- US Fish and Wildlife Service: Aquatic Nuisance Species